South Africa scored 45th out of 60 countries for the cost of health care in Healthcare Cost Index 2022 which compares raw healthcare costs, paid by government, insurance companies or citizens, to identify where different healthcare services cost the most and the least.
The index analyzes and compares healthcare spending, health insurance schemes and the cost of inpatient and general outpatient care in different countries around the world to show the levels of healthcare spending before and after the Covid epidemic. 19, as well as the costs of essential care and medicines during the pandemic.
Key findings from the study include total health care expenditure, median drug price level, access to universal health care, voluntary health insurance, taxation and compulsory health insurance, living health expenditure, cost average night of a Covid emergency and the average cost of general outpatient care.
Total health care expenditure
Total health expenditure per capita is the total health expenditure of each country in 2019 in US dollars and includes health goods and services, such as social security contributions, inpatient and outpatient care, and medical items.
In South Africa, the cost is $ 547. The United States, at $ 10,921 per person, is the most expensive in the world, followed by Switzerland ($ 9,666), Norway ($ 8,007), Iceland ($ 6,275), Luxembourg ( 6,221), Denmark ($ 6,003), Sweden ($ 5,671), Germany ($ 5,440), Ireland ($ 5,429) and Australia ($ 5,427). Healthcare costs are the cheapest in India at $ 64.
Average price of the medicine
The median price level of drugs is the average cost per dose of 13 common generic and brand name drugs, including those used to treat diabetes, cardiovascular disease and asthma.
South Africa scored -14.71%. Medicines prices are highest in the United States (1309.48% more than the meridian), followed by Mexico (+ 153.92%) and Switzerland (+ 143.00%), while they are the lowest in Turkey. with 70.21% less.
Access to universal health care
Access to universal health care is a score that represents how much of a country’s population has easy access to essential health services, such as reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health, infectious and non-communicable diseases, as well as data on service capacity and access between the general population and the most disadvantaged, with a higher score indicating greater coverage.
South Africa scored 69 points.
It is the highest in Canada (89) and the lowest in Nigeria (42).
Voluntary health insurance
Voluntary health insurance, as a share of total health expenditure, refers to the percentage of each country’s total health expenditure that comes from private and voluntary sources, including all prepaid health funding programs, such as voluntary health insurance, non-profit institution serving households (NPISH) financing schemes and enterprise financing schemes (where companies provide or directly finance health services for their employees).
South Africa got 46.07%, which is the highest, while Norway (0.32%) was the lowest.
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Taxation and compulsory health insurance
Taxation and compulsory health insurance per capita is an assessment of the overall contribution citizens make to health regimes through taxation and compulsory health insurance, presented as a deviation from the median of the dataset. A high value indicates a high price level, with values close to zero indicating that the price level is close to the international median.
Includes all funding schemes aimed at ensuring access to basic health care for citizens, including state and compulsory health insurance schemes, such as social health insurance, compulsory private insurance and compulsory medical savings accounts .
South Africa scored -76.68%. It is the highest in the United States (700.62% higher than the meridian), followed by Norway (+ 509.22%) and Switzerland (+ 472.16%), while it is the lowest in India (-98, 14%).
Health expenditure out of one’s own pocket
Health expenditure out of one’s own pocket it is an assessment of the overall contribution that households make directly from their primary income or savings to health goods and services, through self-payments or co-payments, presented as a deviation from the median dataset.
South Africa scored -91.91%. It is the highest in Switzerland (538.38%) and the lowest in Kenya (-94.78%).
Average cost of a Covid emergency night
the Average cost of a Covid emergency night is the overall average cost of a single night, which is defined as a critically ill patient in an intensive care station with activated mechanical ventilation, in US dollars.
This cost includes laboratory tests, drugs and fluids, disposable protective materials, care and nutrition, as well as labor costs for nurses and doctors.
The average cost of a covid emergency night in South Africa is $ 1,390, or $ 42nd higher in the index.
The highest cost is in the US at $ 20,939, followed by Norway ($ 11,590) and Switzerland ($ 9,297) and the lowest in Turkey at $ 92.
Average cost of general outpatient care
The average cost of general outpatient care per capita is the average cost of general outpatient care in each country, presented as a deviation from the median of the dataset.
Outpatient care is defined as medical procedures, examinations and services provided to a patient in an outpatient setting without requiring an overnight stay and includes general and specialist medical consultations, blood and urine tests, x-rays and scans.
South Africa scored -14.99%. It is the highest in the US at 3 270.94% and the lowest in India at -93.35%.
The study was conducted by Medical Web Experts in collaboration with Bridge Patient Portal.