The election appeared to show the resounding success of a decade-long effort by the Marcos family to rehabilitate its name through an elaborate historical revisionism campaign on social media.
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Polls officially closed at 7 p.m. local time after 13 hours of operation, but long lines in the capital Manila meant many stations stayed open. The national election body, however, said with about 80 percent of election returns counted, Ferdinand Marcos Jr. had about 25 million votes while his main competitor, Vice President Maria Leonor “Leni” Robredo, had roughly 12 million.
The next president will succeed the tough-talking populist Rodrigo Duterte, whose war on drugs left thousands dead, and a country with an economy and health system ravaged by the coronavirus pandemic. Presidents serve only a single six-year term and are elected separately from the vice president.
Marcos, who is running with Sara Duterte-Carpio, the current president’s daughter, is not expected to be as brutal as his father or even Duterte, but he is expected to complete the whitewashing of the family reputation and protect it from accountability. Between $5 billion and $10 billion was estimated stolen from public coffers during the family’s two-decade rule, and only a fraction has been recovered. The family fled to Hawaii, where they lived in exile, after the 1986 People Power Revolution. They returned to the Philippines in the 1990s.
During the campaign, Marcos and his running mate avoided discussing any concrete plans for their future administration, sticking to just optimistic predictions for the future.
The family continues to face several controversies, including a graft conviction for Marcos’s mother, former first lady Imelda, and the estate owing billions in tax liabilities. To date, no members of the family have served jail time.
“If there really was ill-gotten wealth, it would have been retrieved a long time ago,” said Jesse James Pangilinan, 24, a Manila resident who cast a vote for Marcos and Duterte-Carpio on Monday morning. He said he believed the concerns about the Marcos estate’s unpaid taxes but dismissed them because “they’re not being forced to pay it.”
Dante Mapili, 30, and Jonariza Estera, 37, also voted for Marcos, saying they believed in his message of unity and were impressed by how he had not campaigned negatively. They also do not believe the family stole from government funds. “From what I know, he was already rich,” Estera said.
“I heard Marcos’s father was paid in gold if he won a case,” Mapili added, echoing a popular, Internet-fueled theory to explain the family’s wealth. Some of its adherents believe the Marcoses will distribute their own fortune if they return to power.
Marcos is also expected to shield the outgoing Duterte from possible prosecution at the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity during his drug war, which left thousands dead in extrajudicial killings.
Voting for the most part proceeded peacefully, except for in the southern island of Mindanao, where the military reported several incidents of election-related violence, including shootings and armed clashes between political rivalries. At least four have been killed and 11 wounded.
In Manila there were reports of technical difficulties with the voting machines, causing long delays that affected some 1.1 million votes, according to election watchdog Kontra Daya.
First-time voter Renzo Guevara, 22, said he had been in line for 13 hours and counting. He sent The Post photos of the crowded corridors of the school where he had been waiting since 8 a.m. because of glitches in the machines.
The attendants offered for people to fill out waivers then leave their ballots, and some, mostly elderly, took up the offer. Most, however, waited for the machines to be repaired.
Guevara said he feared that his ballot might be tampered with if he didn’t see it fed into the machine. “I’m not going to let this slide … I know how important it is, so I just want to see it through,” he said. “They say we might be here until midnight. I don’t care. I just want to see my receipt.
Marcos’s main challenger is independent candidate Robredo, a vocal critic of Marcos and the elder Duterte — even though she was his vice president. She has been the prime target of disinformation operations and lagged behind Marcos in the polls by 33 points.
Her supporters believed it would be a much closer fight, as the groundswell of volunteers for her — which includes celebrities, church workers, farmers and students — culminated in a star-studded closing rally on Saturday that drew a crowd of more than a million.
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Donna Jolo, a 33-year-old building administrator, who attended that rally and then voted in Manila, said she believed in Robredo’s ideas and platform and was angry at the online campaigns that she felt had slandered the candidate.
“I heard about how she helped people,” she said, describing Robredo’s efforts for farmers. “Even with women, she helped with their livelihoods — she’s an economist and knows the answer to poverty.”
A human rights lawyer and former congresswoman who notably waited in line to vote Monday, unlike her opponent, Robredo narrowly defeated Marcos for the vice presidency in 2016. He spent the next five years contesting the decision until the Supreme Court, acting as election tribunal, unanimously dismissed his challenge last year.
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The Marcos-Duterte tandem is a political marriage of two of the most powerful dynasties in the country. Experts maintain that this system, in which families and personalities dominate politics, is closely linked to corruption and poverty, as government spending and policy are associated with personal favors and not public obligations.
But Julio Teehankee, a political scientist at De La Salle University, warned that if Philippine history is any indicator, another corruption scandal could be “fatal to [Marcos’s] return to power.” After the 1986 revolution, a second People Power uprising in 2001 unseated then-President Joseph Estrada following corruption scandals hounding his term.
If Robredo’s grass-roots campaign is sustained after elections, it could become a major force in the opposition.
“If it’s a Robredo presidency, this will be a movement that is a partner,” said Barry Gutierrez, her spokesman. If not, it could mark the beginnings of a new opposition detached from traditional parties. “It’s an opposition I’m excited to see.”